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Vietnam

Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1992)

Chapter II, Article 43:

“Everyone has the right to life in fresh environment and has the duty to protect the environment.”

 

Chapter III, Article 63:

“(1) The State has a policy to protect the environment; manages, and effectively and stably use natural resources; protects the nature and biodiversity; takes initiative in prevention and resistance against natural calamities and response to climate change.

(2) The State encourages all acts of protection of the environment, development and use of new energy and recycled energy.

(3) Organizations and individuals who cause environmental pollution, debilitate natural resources and weaken biodiversity shall be strictly dealt with and must be responsible for remedy and compensation for damage.”

*These provisions represent amendments to the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam that were promulgated in 2013.