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The Constitution of the Italian Republic (1947)

Fundamental Principles, Article 9:

“The Republic promotes the development of culture and of scientific and technical research. It safeguards natural landscape and the historical and artistic heritage of the Nation.”

Title V, Article 117(s):

“Legislative powers shall be vested in the State and the Regions in compliance with the Constitution and with the constraints deriving from EU legislation and international obligations. The State has exclusive legislative powers in the following matters:…s. protection of the environment, the ecosystem and cultural heritage.”