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Constitution of the Republic of Niger (2010)

Title II, Article 12:

“Each one has the right to life, to health, to physical and moral integrity, to a healthy and sufficient food supply, to potable water, to education and instruction in the conditions specified by the law.”

Title II, Article 35:

Any person has the right to a healthy environment. The State has the obligation to protect the environment in the interest of present and future generations.

Each one is required to contribute to the safeguarding and to the improvement of the environment in which he lives.

 The State sees to the evaluation and control of the impacts of any project and program of development on the environment.

Title II, Article 37:

“The national and international enterprises have the obligation to respect the legislation in force in environmental matters. They are required to protect human health and to contribute to the safeguarding of it as well as to the improvement of the environment.”

Title V, Article 100:

“The Law determines the fundamental principles:

  • of the protection of the environment and of the conservation of the natural resources;”

Title VII, Section II, Article 149:

“The State exercises its sovereignty over the natural resources and the subsoil. The exploitation and the administration of the natural resources and of the subsoil must be done with transparency and taking into account the protection of the environment, and the cultural heritage as well as the preservation of the interests of present and future generations.”

Title XI, Article 172:

“The Republic of Niger may conclude with any African State agreements of association or of community involving partial or total abandonment of sovereignty in order to achieve African Unity. The Republic of Niger may conclude agreements of cooperation and of association with other States on the basis of reciprocal rights and advantages. It accepts, to create with these States, intergovernmental organs of common administration, of coordination and of free cooperation.

These organs may have as their objective, notably:

  • the preservation of the environment;”